Prof. Dr. Lachnit und Prof. Dr. Einhäuser-Treyer

Effekte des Informationswertes auf Wahrnehmung und Aufmerksamkeit beim assoziativen LernenB4

Beim assoziativen Lernen teilen Menschen sensorischen Reizen Aufmerksamkeit zu, weil sie Informationswert besitzen. Zum Grund dieser Aufmerksamkeitszuteilung existieren zwei entgegengesetzte Ansichten: Aufmerksamkeit wird entweder zugeteilt, weil (a) ein Reiz ein guter Prädiktor einer möglichen Konsequenz ist, oder weil (b) ein Reiz eine unsichere Vorhersage trifft. Projekt B4 untersucht in einer Reihe prädiktiver Lernaufgaben die Effekte des Informationswertes auf offene Aufmerksamkeit, Lernrate, Pupillenreaktion, die N2pc-Komponente im ereigniskorrelierten Potential und die Wahrnehmung mehrdeutiger Reize. Wir erwarten, dass unsere Ergebnisse weiteren Aufschluss über Aufmerksamkeitsprozesse beim assoziativen Lernen geben werden.

Neue Projektrelevante Veröffentlichungen

  • Einhäuser, W., Methfessel, P., & Bendixen, A. (2017). Newly acquired audio-visual associations bias perception in binocular rivalry. Vision Research. 133, 121-129. DOI find paper
  • Einhäuser, W., Thomassen, S., & Bendixen, A. (2017). Using binocular rivalry to tag foreground sounds: Towards an objective visual measure for auditory multistability. Journal of Vision, 17(1):34, 1–19. DOI find paper
  • Frässle, S., Sommer, J., Jansen, A., Naber, M., & Einhäuser, W. (2014). Binocular rivalry - frontal activity relates to introspection and action, but not to perception. Journal of Neuroscience, 34, 1738-1747. find paper
  • Koenig , S., Kadel , H., Uengoer, M., Schubö , A. & Lachnit , H. (2017). Reward draws the eye uncertainty holds the eye: Associative learning modulates distracter interference in visual search. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 11, 128. DOI find paper
  • Koenig, Nauroth, Lucke, Lachnit, Gollwitzer, & Uengoer (2017). Fear acquisition and liking of out-group and in-group members: Learning bias or attention? Biological Psychology. find paper
  • Koenig, S., Uengoer, M., & Lachnit, H. (2017). Attentional bias for uncertain cues of shock in human fear conditioning: Evidence for attentional learning theory. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience,11, 266. DOI find paper
  • Koenig, S., Uengoer, M., & Lachnit, H. (2017). Pupil dilation indicates the coding of past prediction errors: Evidence for attentional learning theory. Psychophysiology , in press. find paper
  • Marx, S., & Einhäuser, W. (2015). Reward modulates perception in binocular rivalry. Journal of Vision, 15(1):11.DOI find paper
  • Marx, S., Gruenhage, G., Walper, D., Rutishauser, U., & Einhäuser, W. (2015). Competition with and without priority control: linking rivalry to attention through winner?take?all networks with memory. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 1339(1), 138-153. DOI DOI find paper
  • Uengoer, M., Dwyer, D. M., Koenig , S., & Pearce, J. M. (2017). A test for a difference in the associability of blocked and uninformative cues in human predictive learning. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, in press. find paper
  • Uengoer, M., Pearce, J. M., Lachnit, H., & Koenig, S. (2017). Context modulation of learned attention deployment. Learning & Behavior, in press. DOI find paper

Ältere projektrelevante Veröffentlichungen

  • Einhäuser, W. Koch, C. & Carter, O. (2010). Pupil dilation betrays the timing of decisions. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 4:18.
  • Einhäuser, W., Stout, C., Koch, C. & Carter, O (2008). Pupil dilation reflects perceptual selection and predicts subsequent stability in perceptual rivalry. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 105, 1704-1709.
  • Koenig, S., & Lachnit, H. (2011). Curved saccade trajectories reveal conflicting predictions in associative learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 37, 1164-1177.
  • Lachnit, H., Schultheis, H., Koenig, S., Uengoer, M., & Melchers, K. G. (2008). Comparing elemental and configural associative theories in human causal learning: A case for attention. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 34, 303-313.
  • Lachnit, H., Thorwart, A., Schultheis, H., Lotz, A., Koenig, S., & Uengoer, M. (2013). Indicators of early and late processing reveal the importance of within-trial-time for theories of associative learning. PLoS One, 8, e66291. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0066291.
  • Lucke, S., Lachnit, H., Koenig, S., & Uengoer, M. (2013). The informational value of contexts affects contextdependent learning. Learning & Behavior. Advance online publication. doi: 10.3758/s13420-013-0104-z.
  • Naber, M., Frässle, S., Einhäuser, W. (2011). Perceptual rivalry: reflexes reveal the gradual nature of visual awareness. PLoS One, 6(6):e20910.
  • Naber, M., Frässle, S., Rutishauser, U., Einhäuser, W. (2013). Pupil size signals novelty and predicts later retrieval success for declarative memories of natural scenes. Journal of Vision, 13(2):11.
  • Preuschoff, K., 't Hart, B.M., Einhäuser, W. (2011). Pupil dilation signals surprise: evidence for noradrenaline’s role in decision making. Frontiers in Decision Neuroscience, 5:115.
  • Reinhard, G., Lachnit, H. & Koenig, S. (2006). Tracking stimulus processing in Pavlovian pupillary conditioning. Psychophysiology, 43, 73-83.
  • Reinhard, G., Lachnit, H. & Koenig, S. (2007). Effects of stimulus probability on pupillary dilation and reaction time in categorization. Psychophysiology, 44, 469-475.
  • Uengoer, M., Lachnit, H., Lotz, A., Koenig, S., & Pearce, J. M. (2013). Contextual control of attentional allocation in human discrimination learning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Behavior Processes, 39, 56–66.