Prof. Dr.

Gudrun Schwarzer

Justus-Liebig University Giessen FB 06 Psychology and Sports-Sciences
Otto-Behaghel-Str. 10F
35394 Giessen, Germany

+49 (0)641 99 26 060 +49 (0)641 99 26 079 send e-mail visit website


My current research focuses on perceptual, motor and cognitive development during infancy and childhood. The main goal is to understand how infants' and children's visual, auditory, and motor experiences shape their processing of and acting on the visual world. Specifically,   I am concerned with the question whether and how perceptual-motor skills contribute to changes in the processing of objects and faces during the first years of life.

project-related publications
Bahn, D., Kauschke, C., Vesker, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). Perception of valence and arousal in German emotion terms: a comparison between 9-year-old children and adults. Applied Psycholinguistics, 39(3), 463-481. find paper DOI
Bahn, D., Kauschke, C., Vesker, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). A Multimodal Comparison of Emotion Categorization Abilities in Children With Developmental Language Disorder. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 64(3), 993-1007. find paper DOI
Billino, J., van Belle, G., Rossion, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). The nature of individual face recognition in preschool children: Insights from a gaze-contingent paradigm. Cognitive Development, 47, 168-180. find paper DOI
Dillmann, J., Gehb, G., Peterlein, C. D., & Schwarzer, G (2019). Joint visual attention and locomotor experience: A longitudinal study of infants with treated idiopathic clubfoot. Infant and Child Development, 28 (2), e2118. find paper DOI
Dillmann, J., Peterlein, CD. & Schwarzer, G. (2018). A longitudinal study of motor and cognitive development in infants with congenital idiopathic clubfoot. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6 (S1), 24-43. find paper DOI
Dillmann, J., Schwarzer, G., & Peterlein, CD (2019). Motor and cognitive functioning in children treated for idiopathic clubfoot at the age of 3 years. BMC Pediatrics, 19:394. find paper
Gehb, G., Kubicek, C., Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G (2019). The positive influence of manual object exploration on predictive grasping for a moving object in 9-month-old infants. Journal of Vision, 19(14). find paper DOI
Gerhard, T. M., & Schwarzer G. (2018). Impact of rotation angle on crawling and non-crawling 9-month-old infants' mental rotation ability. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 170, 45-56. find paper DOI
Gerhard, T., Culham, J., & Schwarzer, G (2021). Manual exploration of objects is related to 7-monthold infants' visual preference for real objects. Infant Behavior and Development, 101512. find paper DOI
Gerhard-Samunda, T. M., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). Role of manually-generated visual cues in crawling and non-crawling 9-month-old infants’ mental rotation. Cognitive Development, 59, 101053. find paper DOI
Kauschke, C., Bahn, D., Vesker, M., & Schwarzer, G. (2019). The role of emotional valence for the processing of facial and verbal stimuli–positivity or negativity bias?. Frontiers in psychology, 10, 1654. find paper
Kubicek, C., Gehb, G., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2019). Training of 7-month-old infants' manual object exploration skills: Effects of active and observational experience. Infant Behavior and Development, 57. find paper DOI
Schwarzer, G., Jovanovic, B. Kubicek, C. & Hegele, M. (2018a). Introduction: Object Processing and Motor Development. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6(S1), 1-5. find paper
Schwarzer, G., Jovanovic, B., Kubicek, C. & Hegele, M. (2018). Object processing and motor development. Supplemental Issue, Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6 (S1). find paper
Sensoy, Ö., Culham, J. C., & Schwarzer, G. (2021). The advantage of real objects over matched pictures in infants' processing of the familiar size of objects. Infant and Child Development, e2234. find paper DOI
Sensoy, Ö., Culham, J.C., & Schwarzer, G. (2020). Do infants show knowledge of the familiar size of everyday objects? Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 195. find paper
Vesker, M., Bahn, D., Degé, F., Kauschke, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2019). Identification of Emotional Facial Expressions in a Lab and Over the Internet. Psychology. Journal of Higher School of Economics, 16(3), 571-583. find paper DOI
Vesker, M., Bahn, D., Dege, F., Kauschke, C., Schwarzer, G. (2018). Developmental changes in the categoral processing of positive and negative facial expressions. PLoSOne. 13(8): e0201521. find paper DOI
Vesker, M., Bahn, D., Kauschke, C., Neumann, M., Sweitzer, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2019). Investigating the effects of embodiment on emotional categorization of faces and words in children and adults. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. find paper DOI
Vesker, M., Bahn, D., Kauschke, C., Tschense, M., Degé, F., & Schwarzer, G. (2018). Auditory Emotion Word Primes Influence Emotional Face Categorization in Children and Adults, but Not Vice Versa. Frontiers in psychology, 9. find paper DOI
former project-related publications
Bahn , D., Vesker , M., García Alanis , J.C. , Schwarzer , G., & Kauschke , C. (2017). Age-dependent positivity bias in children’s perception of emotion terms. Frontiers in Psychology, 8:1268. DOI find paper
Degé, F., Kubicek, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2015). Associations between musical abilities and precursors of reading in preschool aged children. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(August), 1–10. find paper
Dillmann, J., Freitag, C., Holve, K., Schweinfurth, S., Lorenz, B., Schwarzer, G. (2017). Die motorische Entwicklung von Kindern mit frühkindlichem Innenschielen. Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde , in press. find paper
Duemmler, T., Franz, V. H., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2007). Effects of the Ebbinghaus illusion on children's perception and grasping. Experimental Brain Research, 186(2), 249- 260.
Duemmler, T., Schöberl, P., & Schwarzer, G. (2008). Development of visual center of mass localization for grasp point selection. Cognitive Development, 23, 370-384.
Gerhard, T.M., Culham, J.C. & Schwarzer, G. (2016). Distinct visual processing of real objects and pictures of those objects in 7- to 9-month-old infants. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(827), 1-9. DOI find paper
Groß, C. & Schwarzer, G. (2010). The generalization of facial identity over different viewpoints in seven- and ninemonth- old infants: The role of facial expression. International Journal of Human Development, 34 (5), 417-426.
Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G. (2007). Infant perception of the relative relevance of different manual actions. European Journal of Developmental Psychology, 4 (1), 111-125.
Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G. (2009). Infants segment actions into basic movement-effect units. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie, 41 (4), 225-232.
Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Learning to grasp efficiently: the development of motor planning and the role of observational learning. Vision Research, 51(8), 945-954.
Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G. (2017). The development of the grasp-height effect as a measure of efficient action planning in children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 153, 74-82. DOI find paper
Jovanovic, B., Duemmler, T. & Schwarzer, G. (2008). Infant development of configural object processing in visual and visual-haptic contexts. Acta Psychologica, 129 (3), 376-386.
Kauschke C., Bahn , D., Vesker , M., & Schwarzer , G. (2017). Die semantische Repräsentation von Emotionsbegriffen bei Kindern im Grundschulalter. Kindheit und Entwicklung DOI find paper
Kolling, T., Lamm B., Vierhaus M., Knopf, M., Lohaus, A., Fassbender, I., Freitag, C., Graf, F., Teubert, M., Schwarzer, G., & Keller, H. (2014). Differential Development of Motor Abilities in Western Middle-Class and Cameroonian Nso Infants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(9), 1502-1508. find paper
Krebs, J., Biswas, A., Pascalis, O., Kamp-Becker, I. Remschmidt, H. & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Face processing in children with autism spectrum disorder – Independent or interactive processing of facial identity and facial expression?. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 41, 796-804.
Kubicek , C. & Schwarzer , G. (2017). On the relation between infants’ spatial object processing and their motor skills. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 1-31. find paper
Kubicek , C., Gervain, J., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Pascalis, O., Loevenbruck, H., & Schwarzer, G. (2014b). The influence of infant-directed speech on 12-month-olds' intersensory perception of fluent speech. Infant Behavior and Development , 37(4), 644-651. DOI find paper
Kubicek, C., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Dupierrix, E., Loevenbruck, H., Gervain, J., & Schwarzer, G. (2013). Facescanning behavior to silently talking faces in 12-month-old infants: The impact of pre-exposed auditory speech. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 37(2), 106-110.
Kubicek, C., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Dupierrix, E., Pascalis, O., Loevenbruck, H., Gervain, J., & Schwarzer, G. (2014a). Cross-modal matching of audio-visual German and French fluent speech in infancy. PLoS ONE 9(2): e89275. DOI find paper
Kubicek, C., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2017a). How manual object exploration is associated with 7- to 8-month-old infants’ visual prediction abilities in spatial object processing. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. DOI find paper
Kubicek, C., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2017b). The relation between crawling and non-crawling 9-month-old infants' visual prediction abilities in spatial object processing. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 158, 64-76. DOI find paper
Lohaus, A., Lamm, B., Keller, H., Teubert, M., Fassbender, I., Glüer, M. Borchert, S., Vöhringer, I., Teiser, J., Freitag, C., Suhrke, J., Knopf, M. & Schwarzer, G. (2014). Gross and fine motor differences between Cameroonian and German children aged 3 to 40 months: Results of a cross-cultural longitudinal study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(8), 1328-1341. find paper
Ludwig, D., Schwarzer, G., & Kauschke, C. (2016). Positiv oder Negativ? – Verarbeitung von Emotionsbegriffen und Gesichtsausdrücken bei Kindern mit typischem und auffälligem Spracherwerb. Logos, 24 (1). 15-23. find paper
Ransburg, N., Reiser, M., Munzert, J., Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G. (2017). Concurrent anticipation of two object dimensions during grasping in 10-month-old infants: A quantitative analysis. Infant Behavior and Development , 42, 164-174. DOI find paper
Schum, N., Franz, V.H., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2012). Object processing in visual perception and action in children and adults. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 112(2), 161-77.
Schum, N., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Ten- and twelve-month-olds´ visual anticipation of orientation and size during grasping. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109(2), 218-231.
Schwarzer, G. (2000). Development of face processing: The effect of face inversion. Child Development, 71, 391- 401.
Schwarzer, G. (2014). How motor and visual experience shape infants' processing of objects and faces. Child Development Perspectives, 8(4), 213-217. find paper
Schwarzer, G. & Jovanovic, B. (2010). The relationship between processing facial identity and emotional expression in 8-month-old infants. Infancy, 15 (1), 1-18.
Schwarzer, G. & Zauner, N. & Jovanovic, B. (2007). Evidence of a shift from featural to configural face processing in infancy. Developmental Science, 10(4), 452-463.
Schwarzer, G., Freitag, C., & Schum, N. (2013). How crawling and manual object exploration are related to the mental rotation abilities of 9-month-old infants. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology, 4(97), 1-8.
Schwarzer, G., Freitag, C., Buckel, R., & Lofruthe, A. (2012). Crawling is associated with mental rotation ability by 9- month-old infants. Infancy, 18, 432-441.
Schwarzer, G., Huber, S. & Duemmler, T. (2005). Gaze behavior in analytical and holistic face processing. Memory & Cognition, 33(2), 344-354.
Schwarzer, G., Jovanovic, B., Schum, N., Dümmler, T. (2009). Analytische und konfigurale Verarbeitung von Objekten im Säuglingsalter: Die Rolle selbst induzierter Fortbewegung und manueller Exploration. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie, 41(4), 189-197.
Spangler, S.M., Schwarzer, G. & Maier-Karius, J. (2010). The relationship of processing facial identity, emotional expression, facial speech, and gaze direction in the course of development. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 105, 1-9.
Suhrke, J., Freitag, C., Lamm, B., Teiser, J., Poloczek, S., Fassbender, I., Teubert, M., Voehringer, I., Keller, H., Knopf, M., Lohaus, A. & Schwarzer, G. (2015). Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 137, 156-163. find paper
Vesker, M., Ludwig, D., Degé, F., Kauschke, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2017). Perceiving Arousal and Valence in Facial Expressions: Differences Between Children and Adults. European Journal of Developmental Psychology. DOI find paper
Vöhringer, I., Poloczek, S., Graf, F., Lamm, B., Teiser, J., Fassbender, I., Freitag, C., Suhrke, J., Teubert, M., Keller, H., Lohaus, A., Schwarzer , G., & Knopf, M. (2015). Is perceptual priming affected by culture? A study with German middle-class and Cameroonian Nso farmer children. The Journal of Genetic Psychology, 176(3), 156-170. find paper