Prof. Dr. Schwarzer and Dr. Jovanovic

How motor experiences shape infants' predictive visual-spatial abilities: Specifying the mediating processes

Planned research

Project A7 aims to identify the mediators by which infants' locomotion and manual object exploration skills exert an influence on their predictive visual-spatial abilities. By using eye-tracking, EEG recording, and systematically restricting infants' possible range of manual object explorations, we will investigate whether changes in infants' visual and visual-haptic spatial encoding can be regarded as mediators between their motor skills and improved visual-spatial predictions. 

Current research

In our work plan we aim to examine the relationship between infants' ability to visually and manually predict the movement of an object and their motor skills. We will analyze infants’ anticipatory eye-movements and anticipatory handshapes when moving objects are presented. We also seek to investigate whether improvements in predictive abilities are indeed caused by infants’ motor skills. To this end, we will design relevant training studies.

new project-related publications
Dillmann, J., Gehb, G., Peterlein, C. D., & Schwarzer, G (2019). Joint visual attention and locomotor experience: A longitudinal study of infants with treated idiopathic clubfoot. Infant and Child Development, 28 (2), e2118. find paper
Dillmann, J., Peterlein, CD. & Schwarzer, G. (2018). A longitudinal study of motor and cognitive development in infants with congenital idiopathic clubfoot. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6 (S1), 24-43. DOI find paper
Dillmann, J., Schwarzer, G., & Peterlein, CD (2019). Motor and cognitive functioning in children treated for idiopathic clubfoot at the age of 3 years. BMC Pediatrics, 19:394. find paper
Gehb, G., Kubicek, C., Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G (2019). The positive influence of manual object exploration on predictive grasping for a moving object in 9-month-old infants. Journal of Vision, 19(14). find paper
Gerhard, T. M., & Schwarzer G. (2018). Impact of rotation angle on crawling and non-crawling 9-month-old infants' mental rotation ability. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 170, 45-56. find paper
Gerhard, T., Culham, J., & Schwarzer, G (2021). Manual exploration of objects is related to 7-monthold infants' visual preference for real objects. Infant Behavior and Development, 101512. find paper
Kubicek, C., Gehb, G., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2019). Training of 7-month-old infants' manual object exploration skills: Effects of active and observational experience. Infant Behavior and Development, 57. find paper
Schwarzer, G., Jovanovic, B. Kubicek, C. & Hegele, M. (2018a). Introduction: Object Processing and Motor Development. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6(S1), 1-5. find paper
Schwarzer, G., Jovanovic, B., Kubicek, C. & Hegele, M. (2018). Object processing and motor development. Supplemental Issue, Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 6 (S1). find paper
Sensoy, Ö., Culham, J.C., & Schwarzer, G. (2020). Do infants show knowledge of the familiar size of everyday objects? Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 195. find paper
former project-related publications
Degé, F., Kubicek, C., & Schwarzer, G. (2015). Associations between musical abilities and precursors of reading in preschool aged children. Frontiers in Psychology, 6(August), 1–10. find paper
Dillmann, J., Freitag, C., Holve, K., Schweinfurth, S., Lorenz, B., Schwarzer, G. (2017). Die motorische Entwicklung von Kindern mit frühkindlichem Innenschielen. Klinische Monatsblätter für Augenheilkunde , in press. find paper
Duemmler, T., Franz, V. H., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2007). Effects of the Ebbinghaus illusion on children's perception and grasping. Experimental Brain Research, 186(2), 249- 260.
Duemmler, T., Schöberl, P., & Schwarzer, G. (2008). Development of visual center of mass localization for grasp point selection. Cognitive Development, 23, 370-384.
Gerhard, T.M., Culham, J.C. & Schwarzer, G. (2016). Distinct visual processing of real objects and pictures of those objects in 7- to 9-month-old infants. Frontiers in Psychology, 7(827), 1-9. DOI find paper
Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Learning to grasp efficiently: the development of motor planning and the role of observational learning. Vision Research, 51(8), 945-954.
Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G. (2017). The development of the grasp-height effect as a measure of efficient action planning in children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 153, 74-82. DOI find paper
Jovanovic, B., Duemmler, T. & Schwarzer, G. (2008). Infant development of configural object processing in visual and visual-haptic contexts. Acta Psychologica, 129 (3), 376-386.
Kolling, T., Lamm B., Vierhaus M., Knopf, M., Lohaus, A., Fassbender, I., Freitag, C., Graf, F., Teubert, M., Schwarzer, G., & Keller, H. (2014). Differential Development of Motor Abilities in Western Middle-Class and Cameroonian Nso Infants. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(9), 1502-1508. find paper
Kubicek , C. & Schwarzer , G. (2017). On the relation between infants’ spatial object processing and their motor skills. Journal of Motor Learning and Development, 1-31. find paper
Kubicek , C., Gervain, J., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Pascalis, O., Loevenbruck, H., & Schwarzer, G. (2014b). The influence of infant-directed speech on 12-month-olds' intersensory perception of fluent speech. Infant Behavior and Development , 37(4), 644-651. DOI find paper
Kubicek, C., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Dupierrix, E., Loevenbruck, H., Gervain, J., & Schwarzer, G. (2013). Facescanning behavior to silently talking faces in 12-month-old infants: The impact of pre-exposed auditory speech. International Journal of Behavioral Development, 37(2), 106-110.
Kubicek, C., Hillairet de Boisferon, A., Dupierrix, E., Pascalis, O., Loevenbruck, H., Gervain, J., & Schwarzer, G. (2014a). Cross-modal matching of audio-visual German and French fluent speech in infancy. PLoS ONE 9(2): e89275. DOI find paper
Kubicek, C., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2017a). How manual object exploration is associated with 7- to 8-month-old infants’ visual prediction abilities in spatial object processing. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. DOI find paper
Kubicek, C., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2017b). The relation between crawling and non-crawling 9-month-old infants' visual prediction abilities in spatial object processing. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 158, 64-76. DOI find paper
Lohaus, A., Lamm, B., Keller, H., Teubert, M., Fassbender, I., Glüer, M. Borchert, S., Vöhringer, I., Teiser, J., Freitag, C., Suhrke, J., Knopf, M. & Schwarzer, G. (2014). Gross and fine motor differences between Cameroonian and German children aged 3 to 40 months: Results of a cross-cultural longitudinal study. Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 45(8), 1328-1341. find paper
Ransburg, N., Reiser, M., Munzert, J., Jovanovic, B. & Schwarzer, G. (2017). Concurrent anticipation of two object dimensions during grasping in 10-month-old infants: A quantitative analysis. Infant Behavior and Development , 42, 164-174. DOI find paper
Schum, N., Franz, V.H., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2012). Object processing in visual perception and action in children and adults. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 112(2), 161-77.
Schum, N., Jovanovic, B., & Schwarzer, G. (2011). Ten- and twelve-month-olds´ visual anticipation of orientation and size during grasping. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 109(2), 218-231.
Schwarzer, G. (2014). How motor and visual experience shape infants' processing of objects and faces. Child Development Perspectives, 8(4), 213-217. find paper
Schwarzer, G. & Zauner, N. & Jovanovic, B. (2007). Evidence of a shift from featural to configural face processing in infancy. Developmental Science, 10(4), 452-463.
Schwarzer, G., Freitag, C., & Schum, N. (2013). How crawling and manual object exploration are related to the mental rotation abilities of 9-month-old infants. Frontiers in Developmental Psychology, 4(97), 1-8.
Schwarzer, G., Freitag, C., Buckel, R., & Lofruthe, A. (2012). Crawling is associated with mental rotation ability by 9- month-old infants. Infancy, 18, 432-441.
Schwarzer, G., Huber, S. & Duemmler, T. (2005). Gaze behavior in analytical and holistic face processing. Memory & Cognition, 33(2), 344-354.
Schwarzer, G., Jovanovic, B., Schum, N., Dümmler, T. (2009). Analytische und konfigurale Verarbeitung von Objekten im Säuglingsalter: Die Rolle selbst induzierter Fortbewegung und manueller Exploration. Zeitschrift für Entwicklungspsychologie und Pädagogische Psychologie, 41(4), 189-197.
Suhrke, J., Freitag, C., Lamm, B., Teiser, J., Poloczek, S., Fassbender, I., Teubert, M., Voehringer, I., Keller, H., Knopf, M., Lohaus, A. & Schwarzer, G. (2015). Experience with headwear influences the other-race effect in 4-year-old children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 137, 156-163. find paper